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List of extinct animals of britainEdit



This is a list of extinct animals of Britain. Only a small number of these are globally extinct, most famously the Irish Elk, Great Auk and Woolly Mammoth. Most of the remainder survive to some extent outside the islands. The list includes introduced species only where they were able to form self-sustaining colonies for a time. Only species extinct since Great Britain was separated from mainland Europe are included. The date beside each species is the last date when a specimen was observed in the wild, or where this is not known, the approximate date of extinction. The list is complete for mammals, reptiles, freshwater fish and amphibians.

Extinct speciesEdit

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MammalsEdit

  • Arctic fox - c. 10,000 BC
  • Steppe lemming - c. 8,000 BC
  • Arctic lemming - c. 8,000 BC
  • Aurochs - c. 1,000 BC
  • Boar - c. 1500 (reintroduced)
  • Brown Bear - c. 1,000 (may be as early as 500 BC)
  • Cave bear - c. 25,500 BC
  • Cave Lion - c. 10,000 BC
  • Coypu - 1987 (non-native)
  • Elk (Moose) - c. 1,500 BC (reintroduced)
  • European Beaver - c. 1300 (reintroduced)
  • Gray whale - c. 1700
  • Grey wolf - c. 1740
  • Irish Elk - c. 6,000 BC
  • Eurasian Lynx - c. 400
  • Greater mouse-eared bat - 1990 (as resident)
  • Muskrat - 1935 (non-native)
  • Narrow-headed vole - c. 8,000 BC
  • Root Vole - c. 1,500 BC
  • Norway lemming - c. 8,000 BC
  • Pika - c. 8,000 BC
  • Reindeer - c. 6,000 BC (reintroduced)
  • Saiga Antelope - c. 10,000 BC
  • Tarpan - c. 7,000 BC
  • Walrus - c. 1,000 BC
  • Wisent - c. 3,000 BC
  • Wolverine - c. 6,000 BC
  • Woolly Mammoth - c. 10,000 BC
  • Woolly Rhinoceros - c. 10,000 BC

BirdsEdit

  • Barnacle Goose - c.1,000 BC (as breeding bird, later recolonised)
  • Black Tern - 1885 (as breeding bird)
  • Capercaillie (reintroduced)
  • Common Crane - c.1620 (recolonised)
  • Cory's Shearwater - c.1,000 BC (as breeding bird)
  • Dalmatian Pelican - c.1,000 BC
  • Eurasian Eagle Owl - c.1,000 BC (some doubt if present naturally since Ice Age)
  • Great Auk - 1844
  • Great Bittern - 1886 (recolonised 1911)
  • Kentish Plover - c.1940 (as breeding bird)
  • Little Bustard (as breeding bird)
  • Osprey (later recolonised)
  • Red-backed Shrike (as breeding bird)
  • White-tailed Eagle (reintroduced)
  • Great Bustard - c.1840s (reintroduced)

FishEdit

  • Burbot - 1972
  • Houting

ReptilesEdit

  • European pond terrapin - c.3,000 BC (reintroduced)

AmphibiansEdit

  • Pool frog - 1993 (reintroduced)
  • Agile frog - ≤ 1000 BP
  • Moor frog - ≤ 1000 BP

InsectsEdit

BeetlesEdit

  • Agonum sahlbergi (ground beetle) - 1914
  • Blue stag beetle - 19th century
  • Graphoderus bilineatus (water beetle) - 1906
  • Harpalus honestus (ground beetle) - 1905
  • Horned dung beetle - 1957
  • Ochthebius aeneus (water beetle) - 1913
  • Platydema violaceum (tenebrionid) - 1957
  • Rhantus aberratus (water beetle) - 1904
  • Scybalicus oblongiusculus (ground beetle) - 1926
  • Teretrius fabricii (histerid) - 1907

Bees, wasps and antsEdit

  • Andrena polita (mining bee) - 1934
  • Apple bumblebee - 1864
  • Cullum's bumblebee - 1941
  • Eucera tuberculata (mining bee) - 1941
  • Halictus maculatus (mining bee) - 1930
  • Mellinus crabroneus (digger wasp) - c.1950
  • Odynerus reniformis (mason wasp) - 1915
  • Odynerus simillimu (mason wasp) - 1905
  • Short-haired bumblebee - 1989

FliesEdit

  • Beautiful Merodon Hoverfly

Butterflies and mothsEdit

  • Black-veined White - 1925
  • The Conformist (moth) - 1880
  • Essex Emerald Moth - 1991
  • Euclemensia woodiella (moth) - 1829
  • Flame Brocade (moth) - 1919
  • Frosted Yellow (moth) - 1914
  • Gypsy Moth - 1907
  • Isle of Wight Wave (moth) - 1931
  • Large Blue - 1979 (reintroduced)
  • Large Chequered Skipper – ca.1989 (non-native, Channel Islands)
  • Large Copper - 1865
  • Large Tortoiseshell (may be recolonising)
  • The Many Lined (moth) - 1875
  • Map - ca.1914 (non-native)
  • Mazarine Blue - 1906
  • Orache Moth - 1915
  • Reed Tussock (moth) - 1875
  • Scarce Black Arches (moth) - 1898
  • Small Ranunculus (moth) - 1937
  • Speckled Beauty (moth) - 1885
  • Union Rustic (moth) - 1919
  • Viper's Bugloss (moth) - 1977
  • White Prominent (moth) - 1865

Dragonflies and damselfliesEdit

  • Norfolk damselfly - 1957
  • Orange-spotted Emerald (dragonfly) - 1957

CaddisfliesEdit

  • Hydropsyche bulgaromanorum (caddis fly) - 1926
  • Hydropsyche exocellata (caddis fly) - 1901

MolluscsEdit

Land snailsEdit

  • Fruticicola fruticum
  • Cernuella neglecta